What is the difference between studying and reviewing/revising?
Here is how Collins American Dictionary (Study and Review) and British Dictionary (Revision) define the words.
study (ˈstʌdi )
- the act or process of applying the mind so as to acquire knowledge or understanding, as by reading, investigating, etc.
- careful attention to, and critical examination and investigation of, any subject, event, etc.
review (rɪˈvju ; (for 10,) ˈriˈvju )
- a looking at or looking over again
2. the act or process of going over a lesson or subject again, as in study or recitation
revision (rɪˈvɪʒən )
- the act or process of revising
- (British) the process of rereading a subject or notes on it, esp in preparation for an examination
Study is the process of learning it is what you do every day when you go to class, research and do your homework.
Review or Revision is what you do when you are preparing for a test or exam.
For students it is a mindset when you study it implies that you have never seen information and it is new to you. Review implies that you have seen the information before and that you have at least a minimal understanding of the subject and that you want confirm and apply what you know.
By using the word review/revise you are telling yourself that you already know the topic and you are polishing the information ready for the test.
Review inspires self-confidence so will improve your grade.